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Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn
Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn
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Code: NNG

+ Origin: Vietnam;
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English names: Sacred lotus, Chinese water-lily, Indian lotus, Egyptian bean, baladi bean.

Description:  Perennial aquatic herb. Root-stock stout, cylindrical, embedded in the mud. Leaves peltate, radiately nerved; margins wavy; petiole long, aculeate, inserted in the middle of the leaf. Flowers large, solitary, handsome and fragrant, rosy or white. Carpels numerous, ovoid, fleshy, sunk separately in cavities of receptacle, maturing into nut-like achenes; skin hard and blackish-brown when ripe.

Flowering period:  May - July.

Distribution:  Common, cultivated in ponds and swamps.

Parts used:  Leaves, seeds, receptacles, filaments and plumules. The leaves can be harvested in autumn; the flowers in summer. The seeds are collected when fully ripe. Leaves and seeds are dried in the sun or in dryers. The pericarps are removed before the seeds are used. The receptacles without seeds are dried before use.

Chemical composition:  The leaves contain alkaloids: nuciferine, roemerine, nor-nuciferine and the flavonoid: quercetin. The plumules yield proteins, sugars and vitamins. The receptacles contain quercetin.

Therapeutic uses:  The ripe seeds produce a wholesome effect in cases of neurasthenia, spermatorrhoea and metrorrhoea, in a daily dose of 10 to 30g in the form of a decoction or powder. The leaves (15 to 20g) and the seed cores (2 to 4g) in decoction are effective for insomnia, haemorrhage and haematemesis.

The plumules (6 to 12g), the filaments (5 to 10g) or the receptacles (15 to 30g) in the form of a decoction are used in treating bloody stools, haematuria, uterine haemorrhage and haematemesis