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Homalonema occulta (Lour.) Schott
Homalonema occulta (Lour.) Schott
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Code: HOS

+ Origin: Vietnam;
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Description:  Perennial herb. Rhizome long, tubular, with hard fibres. Leaves large, sagittate-cordate with tightly clasping sheath. Inflorescence in axillary spadix; the male flowers above, the female below; perianth absent in both sexes. Berry red when ripe. All parts of the plant, especially the rhizome, are aromatic.

Flowering period: April - June.

Distribution:   Grows wild along stream banks and on the sides of rocky ravines in mountainous regions.

Parts used:  The root-stocks, collected in autumn and winter, are well washed and then dried in the sun or in ovens. The fresh leaves are also used.

Chemical composition:  The rhizome contains an essential oil consisting of linalol, a-terpineol, linalyl acetate, sabinene, limonene, propionic aldehyde and acetic acid.

Therapeutic uses:  The rhizome possesses anti-inflammatory, anodyne and stomachic properties. It is used in treating rheumatism, arthralgia, paresis, gastralgia, dysmenorrhoea, osteodynia of the aged and dyspepsia. It is administered in a dose of 6 to 12 g per day in the form of a decoction, elixir or extract. Massage with a fresh rhizome maceration has an anodyne effect. A poultice of pounded fresh leaves is active on boils. The rhizome is also an insecticide against moth.